Introduction to OBE (Outcome Based Education)

OBE focuses on students achieving outcomes (required attributes, skills, qualities) after undergoing the learning process through the OBE curriculum. The attainment of the outcomes are a learning process that may temporally vary from one student to the other; regarded as means and not the end objectives. If the outcomes are not attained, they are rethought, thus ensuring the Continual Quality Improvement (CQI) takes place in the education system. OBE shifts the paradigm from the teacher-centered to the student-centered learning. The new teaching and learning (T&L) approach transforms from an emphasis on traditional input, such as course credits earned and hours spent in class, to results or outcomes. It focuses on empirically measuring student performance, or the outcomes. OBE implementation requires that students demonstrate that they have learned the required knowledge and developed the required skill and attributes.

OBE Components

OBE comprises of four (4) major components which cover (1) curriculum design, (2) teaching and learning methods, (3) assessment, and (4) continual quality improvement (CQI) and monitoring. It addresses the following key questions; what do you want the students to have and able to do?, how can you best help students achieve it?, how will you know what they have achieved?, and how do you close the loop?

OBE Implementation Process

The OBE implementation process encompasses the establishment of Programme Educational Objectives (PEOs), followed by Programme Outcomes (POs), designing curriculum, teaching and learning (T & L) methods, assessment, CQI and monitoring. 
PEOs are formulated in line with institutional mission statement and stakeholders' interests. It also addresses the graduate attainment within 3 to 5 years after their graduation. Programme Outcomes (POs), which consist of abilities to be attained by students before they graduate, are formulated based on the PEOs. POs address knowledge, skills and attributes to be attained by students.

Relationship between lesson topics, CO, PO and PEO

  • Topics lead to lesson outcomes
  • Group/individual lesson outcomes lead to course outcome (CO)
  • Course outcomes must relate to programme outcomes (PO)
  • Programme outcomes must address the programme objectives (PEO) (What kind of "engineer" are we producing?)

Programme Outcomes (POs)

  • Programme Outcomes (POs) are statements that describe what students are expected to know and be able to perform or attain by the time of graduation.
  • These relate to the skills, knowledge, and attitude that students acquire throughout the programme.


Contact Us

School of Civil Engineering,
College of Engineering,
Engineering Complex,
Tuanku Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah,
Universiti Teknologi MARA,
40450 Shah Alam,
Selangor Darul Ehsan
+603-5543 5275